Stainless steel melt production in India stood at 3.17 million tonnes (MT) in CY2020, registering a decline of 19 per cent over CY2019 as per the latest figures released by the Indian Stainless Steel Development Association (ISSDA). Despite the pandemic-induced lockdown in the April-June’20 period, which halted the production in the country during the quarter, India continued to be the second-largest producer of stainless steel globally. The Indian stainless-steel production for CY2019 was recorded at 3.93 MT. The stainless steel production and demand saw a V-shaped recovery in India from July’20 onward after the government began relaxing the lockdown.
Global stainless steel melt shop production decreased by 2.5% to 50.9 MT in CY2020 compared to 2019, according to the latest data released by the Brussels-based International Stainless Steel Forum (ISSF). China remained the leading producer accounting for more than 50% of the global stainless-steel production at ~30 MT and the only country to record a production increase of 2.5% in CY2020 over the preceding year. All other regions, including Europe, the US, and Asia, saw a dip in production in CY2020 on account of the impact of the pandemic.
Commenting on the development, President, ISSDA, Mr K K Pahuja said, “Performance of the domestic stainless steel industry is fair, considering the severe impact of the pandemic on the entire value chain. Efforts by the industry along with government stimulus helped in gradual recovery post July’20. As the economy is gradually regaining momentum, the government must look at sector-specific concerns to provide further policy stimulus. Revoking of countervailing duties on imports from Indonesia and China may impact the current growth of the sector in this calendar year and again lead to dumping of stainless steel.”
To revive the Indian stainless steel industry urgently, ISSDA has urged the government to adopt a multi-pronged strategy of boosting local manufacturing and curbing unwarranted imports in the country. ISSDA expects a glut of stainless steel imports at a time when the domestic industry is struggling to cope with the disruptions caused by the pandemic. India is a large and lucrative market, and with the suspension of duties, China and Indonesia are expected to resort to aggressive dumping. For an industry with high import intensity, this could aggravate unemployment in the sector, particularly in the MSMEs, which constitute one-third of the capacity.
Established in 1989 by leading stainless steel producers, Indian Stainless Steel Development Association (ISSDA) was formed with the explicit objective of diversifying the applications of stainless steel and increasing usage volumes in the country. At the time of inception of ISSDA, the main visible application in daily life was essentially household kitchenware, which has now diversified significantly. Through the focused efforts of ISSDA and its member companies, the widespread and visible use of stainless steel in different walks of life is all too evident, especially in the Architecture, Building & Construction (ABC) and the Automotive, Railway and Transportation (ART) sectors. The technical strength of ISSDA is derived from its close association with the Nickel Institute, the International Stainless Steel Forum (ISSF), and close collaboration with more than 20 stainless steel development associations around the world. As a result of these efforts, India has now emerged as the second largest stainless steel producer and consumer in the world.